Gyoda-shi, Saitama developed into the ancient history and culture representated by the old burial mound as a town with the characteristics only as a castle town of Oshi Castle and developed as a town of the tabis after the Meiji era. I reported on this Gyoda-shi this time.
I get off the JR Takasaki Line "Gyoda Station" east exit and because there is a tourist information center at the Station square, I take a sightseeing map and leave it. Because a bus of the city circulation leaves from the station square, on it, I leave for Oshi Castle.
Oshi Castle is the place that became the stage in movie "Nobo no shiro"(The Floating Castle). It was built in about 1479 by Narita, and after that Narita ruled for approximately 100 years. In 1590, this castle underwent the flooding by Mitsunari Ishida and others in a fight with Hideyoshi Toyotomi and Odawara Hojo, but is told even if another name of "the floating castle" was born because it endured it daringly. It "is Nobo no shiro" to have filmized the state of this fight and is famous as the castle which did not fall. It followed until the Meiji Restoration afterwards as a durability castle of the Tokugawas. It is a current castle to have rebuilt a thing demolished in 1873 as third floor oar to a main enclosure trace in 1988. Gyoda Municipal Folk Museum.Gyoda Municipal Folk Museum introduces early modern Gyoda, Gyoda of the tabi, ancient Gyoda around the old burial mound, the life of the common people with a picture or a photograph under the theme of the history and culture of Gyoda the Middle Ages. In addition, the place that was a moat becomes Suijo Park now outside Oshi Castle and is got close as a citizen's oasis.
In addition, the Chichibu Railway "Gyodashi Station" outskirts are famous as a town of the tabis and become the stage of drama "Rikuou", and what the city takes a walk through because it is dotted with a building and the warehouse which are old in the city, a storehouse, factories is good.
There is "Sakitama ancient burial mound" to approximately 3km from Oshi Castle. It is said to be the birthplace of name of a prefecture "Saitama" here. Nine large old burial mounds made by the early seventh century from the late fifth century do a crowd here. It is old burial mound group eminent our country, and it is appointed, and, as old burial mound group of this time, preservation maintenance is pushed forward on the historic spot of the country by Saitama in 1938.
Excavation was performed in 1968, and many remains were excavated including a Gold-inlaid Iron Sword (gilt lettering is chopped to an iron sword), hoop iron tool, a comma-shaped bead, a mirror, and, among nine old burial mounds, the Inariyma burial mound was appointed to a national treasure. These excavated articles are displayed in the Museum in the park. The Futagoyama burial mound is a burial mound with a square front and a round back, and you can climb the mound. Maruhakayama burial mound is the highest in this old burial mound group in a round burial mound (17.2m), and is told that Mitsunari Ishida put their stronghold there when he performs flooding of Oshi Castle. Because I can overlook Oshi Castle from the top, I can feel the times of the war-torn country. In addition, the way following the parking lot is said to be the trace of bank "Ishida bank" built at the time of flooding from this burial mound. In Shogunyama burial mound, armour for horse and flag finger metal fittings, a sword, many grave goods including the harness were excavated from a stone tomb in the side of a mountain. Shogunyama burial mound becomes the only old burial mound which can observe the inside.
|Title||Nobo no shiro,Oshi Castle and Sakitama ancient burial mound (Gyoda-shi, Saitama)|
|Access||From JR Takasaki Line "Gyoda Station" getting off, east exit bus stop city circulation bus. ※Because there is little number of the bus, it is to watch out.|
|Fee||Gyoda Municipal Folk Museum：200yen、 Museum of the Sakitama ancient burial mound ：200yen|