Sakura-shi, Chiba is located on the Shimousa plateau of approximately 50km from Tokyo and, for 260 years of the Edo era, prospered as a castle town (as for the feudal lord Hotta) with Otaki town (Chiba).
Because there was a tourist information center at getting off, the station square at JR Soubu Line "Sakura Station", I had a sightseeing map and left it. The first destination "a samurai residence. I go straight ahead through the sculpture street which figures in bronze line up that a samurai residence is on the horseback-formed plateau that attended the east and west when I look at the rotary front of the "north exit station square. It became the thin slope when I crossed two signals and arrived at the samurai residence in approximately 20 minutes when I went the plateau according to a sign and I paid admission and observed it. There are three samurai residences, and it is all with a tangible cultural property in the old Kawaras house, former Tajimas house, the former Takeis house. A layout or the style of a gate are decided to say the large, average, small by the social position of a clansman living in these 3 mansions, and can compare it.
The next of the samurai residence faced the Sakura ruins of a castle. There is a slope among bamboo forest called "the Hiyodorizaka slope" on the way. This way is famous as a perfect photography spot at the place that is used for the cover of the sightseeing map.
I go down Hiyodorizaka slope and go up a narrow path and the stairs where trees grow thick and arrive at the Sakura castle park in approximately 15 minutes when I go ahead through the road. A dried foss and fieldwork are seen in both sides of the way in the park. The park does not have the building of the castle, but aims at the place where there was a main enclosure. An image of Prince member of the Shogun's Council of Elders, Masayoshi Hotta and Townsend Harris is built on the way, and the relations of both of the late Tokugawa period are indicated. The main enclosure trace becomes the open space of the lawn, and a cherry tree surrounds the circumference and is known as a famous place of the cherry tree. I went to National Museum of Japanese History when I observed the main enclosure. There was the museum next to Sakura castle park and was opened as the palace of the history to have floor space approximately 35 1,000 square meters on approximately 130,000 square meters of sites in 1983.
The showpiece is divided into six exhibition rooms of prehistory; the ancient times, the Middle Ages, the early modern times, a folk, modern times, the present age every theme, and anyone is devised about a minute copy and the Japanese history and culture including a restoration supported scientifically in addition to a real thing document so that understanding is deepened easily. But it is to watch out at visit time because a person in charge said that there is approximately 4km when I look around 6 exhibition rooms.
I went from Sakura-jo Castle ruins to the east castle town. Through in front of the building which is one of total local deity "Makata Jinja Shrine", "Sakura Shinmachi Ohayashikan" which displays the festival car doll of the autumn festival, and "Sakura City Museum of Art" where a building is unique on the way in approximately 40 minutes to Sakura Juntendo Memorial Building. Dutch learning is prosperous for the Edo late Tokugawa period and is said "west Nagasaki, east Sakura","Juntendo" which Dutch scholar, Taizen Sato founded as a medical office of the surgery and the Dutch scholar private supplementary school in 1843. A part of this building is shown as a memorial, and a tool and a microscope of the then surgery, a medical book are displayed in the hall.
Walk next approximately 15 minutes; to House & Garden of the Last Feudal Lord, Count Hotta. This House was a residence of last Sakura feudal lord, Masatomo Hotta and was completed in 1890. In a wooden one-story house, a part is comprised of 2-story five and is a traditional Japanese style style building. It was appointed to the important cultural property of the country with a few precious things as a residence of the people of old daimyo of the Meiji period to exist in 2006. In addition, a tree and the garden lanterns such as a pine or the crape myrtle were arranged mainly on a lawn, and the garden was appointed in the natural beauty spot of the country in 2015.
Castle town Sakura-shi of Shimousa country 11 Mangoku is the town which an atmosphere from late Tokugawa period to Meiji can taste.
|Title||A walk through castle town, Sakura-shi (Chiba)|
|Access||JR Soubu Line "JR Sakura Station" or Keisei Main Line "Keisei-Sakura Station" getting off. Walk foot time: Approximately 2.5 hours (is excluded at visit time)|
|Fee||A samurai residence: 210 yen, Sakura Juntendo Memorial Building：100yen, House & Garden of the Last Feudal Lord, Count Hotta：320yen, National Museum of Japanese History：600yen.|