I visited Ichiyajo of Mt. Ishigaki and Souunji temple which was the family temple of Hojo five generations in Odawara-shi, Kanagawa as history sight-seeing this time
Mt. Ishigaki is in the southwestern part of Odawara-jo Castle, and the distance in a straight line from Odawara-jo Castle is approximately 3km, a slightly elevated mountain approximately 260m above sea level. Kampaku, Hideyoshi Toyotomi who aimed at the world unification in 1590 made up its mind to attack Odawara Hojo and left Kyoto in March. After his climbing Mt.Kasakake (because Ishigaki (a stone wall )was built afterwards that it is said Mt. Ishigaki) of Odawara in April one month later, and looking at Odawara-jo Castle, he watched that around the castle 9km was surrounded by by magnificent moat and fieldwork and judged that it was difficult to attack a castle with power and decided to build the castle in this ground to comprise it for the long war. The building of the castle advanced at a fast pace, and a stone wall was done in the middle of May, and outworks of a castle hall, a main enclosure castle tower was completed in the end of June and moved Honjin to this ground. A wall or the white wall where paper was put on on the framework of the oar rose on this occasion because they felled the trees which surrounded a rotation. Because Hojo group of Odawara-jo Castle that watched this was surprising and thought that there was a castle during single night, Ichiyajo legend was born. To Ichiyajo of Mt. Ishigaki I could go from JR Tokaido Line Hayakawa Station in a 50-minute walk. Because it is the paved mountain path which the car can go along, you should climb it for a hiking feeling leisurely. In the middle of the way, there are approximately seven places of signs which the military commanders who participated in this war were introduced and can walk while feeling the history. Because there is the large free parking lot in front of the Ichiyajo entrance, you can come by car. For the highlight, it is the castle of a made total stone wall first in Kanto and is a stone wall said to be Nozura-zumi (an old method of building robust stone walls) by Ano shu (groups of stone wall technicians) of the Oomi country. It is a scale and workmanship as I do not think that it was completed in approximately three months. Above all, "Idokuruwa" (castle walls of well) is remains of an ancient structure which are extremely rare with the thing which surrounded it with a stone wall expressly to protect the cleanliness of the fundal spring of the valley-formed ground. It is said that this spring was used as makeup well of concubine, Yodo of Prince Hideyoshi, and master of tea ceremony, SEN no Rikyu made tea at this spring.
In addition, from the place where the Honmaru stood, I could see magnificent scenery of the Gulf of Sagami. A whole area: It is approximately 58,000 square meters, a historical park with the area of 1.2 times of Tokyo Dome.
There is old historic temple, Souunji from Hakone-Yumoto Station to a 15-minute walk. It was founded in 1521 by son of Soun Hojou, 2s Ujitsuna Hojou. It prospered as a family temple of Odawara Hojo, but, in the case of Odawara attack of Hideyoshi Toyotomi, was destroyed by fire in 1590. A current Buddhist monastery is a thing rebuilt in the Edo era, and much civilization to remember culture in the age of civil strife, the Edo era including Hojo 5s image is conveyed. There is an old main gate written as "Kintousan" on the approach to a shrine from Hakone old highway and shows a quiet appearance in harmony with the trees of the circumference. There is new Chumon Gate across the road, and there is a bell tower (this temple bell was made in the Kamakura era which is said to have been used in Ichiyajo of Mt. Ishigaki) on the right side when I enter the precincts, and there is the main hall of a Buddhist temple in the front and is covered to mossed garden and trees. Through in front of main hall of a Buddhist temple, there is the cemetery of Hojo five generations when I go to the graveyard. From the right, five graveposts of first generation, Soun Hojou, second generation, Ujitsuna, third generation, Ujiyasu, fourth generation, Ujimasa, fifth generation, Ujinao are built. In addition, the usual times in the main hall of cannot observe it, but an interval, a fusuma picture and the treasure of a temple of the main hall are shown in particular on the beginning of November 3.
|Title||Ichiyajo of Mt. Ishigaki and Hojo family temple, Souunji temple|
|Access||Ichiyajo of Mt. Ishigaki：From JR Hayakawa Station a 50-minute walk, Souunji temple: It is a 15-minute walk from Odakyu Line Hakone-Yumoto Station|